Adverse effects of Phenytoin

We can remember the adverse effects of Phenytoin by the mnemonic- HOT MALIKA 😛

HHirsutism, Hypertrophy of gums


T– Teratogenic

MMegaloblastic anemia

AAtaxia and nystagmus


IInhibits release of insulin (hyperglycemia)

KVitamin K deficiency


As Phenytoin is teratogenic, it causes certain malformations in the fetus called as Fetal hydantoin syndrome. The features of an affected fetus can be remembered by the mnemonic PCM

PHypoplastic Phalanges

CCleft lip and palate


Hope that was helpful! Thanks for reading 🙂

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