Paediatrics open blog

Acute pyogenic meningitis

Common in neonates and infants because of poor immunity. COMMON ORGANISMS Neonates (upto 28 days): E.coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas 3 months to 3 years: Hemophilus influenzae, S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis Beyond 3 years: S. pneumoniae, N. meningitis RISK FACTORS FOR NEONATAL MENINGITIS Low birth weight Prematurity Complicated labour Prolonged rupture of membranes Maternal sepsis Babies …

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Nocturnal Enuresis

Enuresis denotes normal urinary bladder emptying at a wrong place and time at least twice a month after the age of 5 years. Nocturnal enuresis refers to bedwetting. More common in boys. ETIOLOGY : Psychologic : family conflicts and maladjustment (strict parents,sibling rivalry) Physical : Anatomic defects, genitourinary infection, threadworm infection Too late, too early, …

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Pica

Common in children below 5 years of age. DEFINITION It is the persistent ingestion of non nutritive substances (plaster, charcoal, paint, earth) For at least 1 month In a manner that is inappropriate for the developmental level Is not a part of culturally sanctioned practice Is sufficiently severe to warrant independent clinical attention FACTORS THAT …

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