Paediatrics open blog

View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Causes of Abdominal Pain EPIGASTRIC- Peptic Ulcer, Gastritis   UMBILICAL- Irritable Bowel Syndrome   RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT- Liver and Biliary tract pathologies   LEFT UPPER QUADRANT- Spleen and Pancreatic pathologies   RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT- Appendicitis, Inflammation of Caecum    LEFT LOWER QUADRANT- Colitis, Spastic …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) DEFINITION: Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of 3 or more loose or liquid stools per day (or more frequent passage than is normal for the individual). CAUSES OF DIARRHEA: -Food Poisoning -Infections= Bacterial (E.coli, Shigella), Viral (Adenovirus, Rotavirus), Parasitic (Giardia lamblia) -Lactose Intolerance …

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X-linked dominant disorders 1.Familial hypophosphatemic rickets2.Urea cycle defect due to deficiency of ornithine transcarbamylase3.Incontinentia pigmenti4.Rette’s syndrome   X-linked recessive disorders 1.Duchenne muscular dystrophy2.G6PD deficiency3.Hemophilia A and B4.Color blindness5.Lesch Nyhan syndrome6.FABRY’s disease7.Wiskott Aldrich syndrome8.Chronic granulomatous disease   Other similar posts: Autosomal dominant disorders Autosomal recessive disorders  

Autosomal recessive disorders include most of the metabolic problems. Cystic fibrosis Wilson’s disease Gaucher’s disease Alpha -1-antitrypsin deficiency Hemochromatosis Neiman-Picks disease Hurler’s disease Tay-Sachs disease Fredrick’s ataxia   Other similar posts: X-linked dominant and recessive disorders Autosomal dominant disorders

We can remember the Autosomal dominant disorders by the mnemonic- DOMINANT VH3 D– Dystrophia myotonica O– Osteogenesis imperfecta M– Marfan’s syndrome I– Intermittent porphyria N– Noonan’s syndrome A– Achondroplasia, Adult polycystic kidney disease N– Neurofibromatosis T– Tuberous sclerosis V– Von Willebrand’s disease H– Hypercholesterolemia H– Huntington’s chorea H– Hereditary spherocytosis -Mrunali Gondane Other similar posts: …

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Anaphylactic shock Adrenaline 0.5 ml sc / im Hydrocortisone 200 mg iv Diphenhydramine 25-50 iv/im Hypoglycemia Oral glucose Fruit juice 50 ml of 50% iv Glucose Glucagon Acute Myocardial infarction •Attach a Cardiac monitor •Administer Oxygen if oxygen saturation is <94% •Establish iv access •Nitroglycerin 0.5 mg sublingual •Morphine 5 mg iv with an Antiemetic …

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Status epilepticus is sustained epileptic activity with 1. two fits without recovery of consciousness in between OR 2.single fit of >30 mins with or without loss of consciousness Treatment aims at controlling seizures within 1 hour of admission. STEP A (first 20 mins) Maintain ABC (airway, breathing, circulation) measure blood sugar take a brief history …

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An infant is exclusively breastfed till the age of 6 months, as and when the child wants (at least 8 times in 24 hours). After 6 months, breast milk alone is not sufficient to fulfill the nutritional requirements of the infant. Hence, complementary feeding is started at the age of 6 months along with breastfeeding. …

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