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Acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is common in teenagers and young adults and hence is responsible for every damsel and young lad in distress! And may lead to scarring (not only physically, but also emotionally), nonetheless it is a self limiting disorder. PATHOGENESIS Increased Sebum production after puberty ——>Retention of sebum and keratinous material in hair follicles ——->Blockage …

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Acute pyogenic meningitis

Common in neonates and infants because of poor immunity. COMMON ORGANISMS Neonates (upto 28 days): E.coli, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Pseudomonas 3 months to 3 years: Hemophilus influenzae, S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis Beyond 3 years: S. pneumoniae, N. meningitis RISK FACTORS FOR NEONATAL MENINGITIS Low birth weight Prematurity Complicated labour Prolonged rupture of membranes Maternal sepsis Babies …

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Nocturnal Enuresis

Enuresis denotes normal urinary bladder emptying at a wrong place and time at least twice a month after the age of 5 years. Nocturnal enuresis refers to bedwetting. More common in boys. ETIOLOGY : Psychologic : family conflicts and maladjustment (strict parents,sibling rivalry) Physical : Anatomic defects, genitourinary infection, threadworm infection Too late, too early, …

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Pica

Common in children below 5 years of age. DEFINITION It is the persistent ingestion of non nutritive substances (plaster, charcoal, paint, earth) For at least 1 month In a manner that is inappropriate for the developmental level Is not a part of culturally sanctioned practice Is sufficiently severe to warrant independent clinical attention FACTORS THAT …

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