Horner’s Syndrome

Horner’s syndrome is caused because of damage to the cervical sympathetic system. It leads to signs and symptoms on the same side of the lesion. Here’s a mnemonic for the features of Horner’s syndrome- AMPLE Anhydrosis Miosis Ptosis Loss of ciliospinal reflex Enophthalmos

Cholesterol biosynthesis mnemonic

AAaaa HMP (Pentose) Pathway Is Difficult 😱, Go Forward and Study Liver’s Cholesterol ! A– Acetyl CoA A– Acetoacetyl CoA H– HMG CoA M– Mevalonate P– 5-Phosphomevalonate P– 5-Pyrophosphomevalonate P– 3-Phospho 5-pyrophosphomevalonate I– Isopentenyl pyrophosphate D– Dimethyl allyl pyrophosphate G– Geranyl pyrophosphate F– Farsenyl pyrophosphate S– Squalene L– Lanosterol C– Cholesterol A few other important …

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Mnemonic for detoxification

Detoxification mainly takes place in the liver. The purpose is to convert foreign or toxic compounds to easily excretable or non toxic forms. Detoxification reactions can be remembered by CHOR– Conjugation, Hydrolysis, Oxidation and Reduction. Detoxification is divided into two phases (I and II). Phase I includes three reactions (HOR of CHOR) called Hydrolysis, Oxidation …

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Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) steps

PCR is a technique for generating large quantities of specified DNA. We doctors (DRs) should know the steps of Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Hence, the steps are : D- Denaturation R- Renaturation (or annealing) S- Synthesis Now let us understand a little about what happens in the individual steps. Denaturation is when the DNA gets …

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Kreb’s cycle mnemonic

Do you find it difficult to remember the Kreb’s cycle? Don’t worry, here’s a way that could help you easily recollect the names of the substrates. Remember the line: Citrate Is Kreb’s Starting Substrate For Making Oxaloacetate! Citrate– Citrate Is– Isocitrate Kreb’s– alpha Ketoglutarate Starting– Succinyl CoA Substrate -Succinate For– Fumarate Making– Malate Oxaloacetate– Oxaloacetate …

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Learn the 9 essential amino acids

If Learnt, This Valuable List May Prove Truly Helpful ! If- Isoleucine Learnt- Leucine This- Threonine List- Lysine May- Methionine Prove- Phenylalanine Truly- Tryptophan Valuable- Valine And- Argininine Helpful- Histidine Argininine and Histidine are considered semi essential amino acids. OR another mnemonic could be used : PVT TIM HALL Phe Val Thr Trp Ile Met …

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