Mnemonics

Horner’s syndrome is caused because of damage to the cervical sympathetic system. It leads to signs and symptoms on the same side of the lesion. Here’s a mnemonic for the features of Horner’s syndrome- AMPLE Anhydrosis Miosis Ptosis Loss of ciliospinal reflex Enophthalmos

AAaaa HMP (Pentose) Pathway Is Difficult 😱, Go Forward and Study Liver’s Cholesterol ! A– Acetyl CoA A– Acetoacetyl CoA H– HMG CoA M– Mevalonate P– 5-Phosphomevalonate P– 5-Pyrophosphomevalonate P– 3-Phospho 5-pyrophosphomevalonate I– Isopentenyl pyrophosphate D– Dimethyl allyl pyrophosphate G– Geranyl pyrophosphate F– Farsenyl pyrophosphate S– Squalene L– Lanosterol C– Cholesterol A few other important …

Cholesterol biosynthesis mnemonic Read More »

Hello guys! I have always found it difficult to remember cycles or pathways. So I thought of trying to make it easier for you to remember Ketogenesis by explaining it in the form of a story (do take a look at the pathway shown in the image to understand the story). I’m not sure if …

Synthesis of Ketone bodies Read More »

Detoxification mainly takes place in the liver. The purpose is to convert foreign or toxic compounds to easily excretable or non toxic forms. Detoxification reactions can be remembered by CHOR– Conjugation, Hydrolysis, Oxidation and Reduction. Detoxification is divided into two phases (I and II). Phase I includes three reactions (HOR of CHOR) called Hydrolysis, Oxidation …

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PCR is a technique for generating large quantities of specified DNA. We doctors (DRs) should know the steps of Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Hence, the steps are : D- Denaturation R- Renaturation (or annealing) S- Synthesis Now let us understand a little about what happens in the individual steps. Denaturation is when the DNA gets …

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) steps Read More »

The Rhythm Nearly Proved Contagious Remember the vitamins in increasing order: Thiamine (B1) Riboflavin (B2) Niacin (B3) Pyridoxine (B6) Cobalamin (B12)

Do you find it difficult to remember the Kreb’s cycle? Don’t worry, here’s a way that could help you easily recollect the names of the substrates. Remember the line: Citrate Is Kreb’s Starting Substrate For Making Oxaloacetate! Citrate– Citrate Is– Isocitrate Kreb’s– alpha Ketoglutarate Starting– Succinyl CoA Substrate -Succinate For– Fumarate Making– Malate Oxaloacetate– Oxaloacetate …

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If Learnt, This Valuable List May Prove Truly Helpful ! If- Isoleucine Learnt- Leucine This- Threonine List- Lysine May- Methionine Prove- Phenylalanine Truly- Tryptophan Valuable- Valine And- Argininine Helpful- Histidine Argininine and Histidine are considered semi essential amino acids. OR another mnemonic could be used : PVT TIM HALL Phe Val Thr Trp Ile Met …

Learn the 9 essential amino acids Read More »