Horner’s Syndrome

Horner’s syndrome is caused because of damage to the cervical sympathetic system. It leads to signs and symptoms on the same side of the lesion. Here’s a mnemonic for the features of Horner’s syndrome- AMPLE Anhydrosis Miosis Ptosis Loss of ciliospinal reflex Enophthalmos

National Leprosy Eradication Programme

Leprosy work isn’t merely medical relief; it is transforming frustration of life into joy of dedication, personal ambition into selfless service ~ MAHATMA GANDHI COMPONENTS 1. Integrated leprosy services via primary health care 2. Capacity building of all general health functionaries 3. Intensified information, education and communication 4. DPMR services(disability prevention and medical rehabilitation) 5. …

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Hydropneumothorax is defined as condition in which both air and fluid are present in the pleural cavity. Causes of Hydropneumothorax 1. Trauma 2. Presence of gas forming organisms (Infection) 3. Introduction of air during pleural fluid aspiration in pleural effusion 4. Obstructive lung disease 5. Cystic lung disease 6. Malignancy Clinical findings of Hydropneumothorax Inspection …

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Digital Clubbing

Clubbing is defined as selective bulbous enlargement of the distal segment of a digit due to an increase in soft tissue. Mechanisms responsible for clubbing: 1. Humoral theory states that an unidentified humoral substance causes dilatation of the blood vessels of the finger tip. 2. Persistent hypoxia causes opening up of the deep arteriovenous fistulae …

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Abdomen Examination (Medicine Viva Practicals)

Abdominal examination forms a crucial part of Medicine practical examination. It will help you in cases of Hepatomegaly, Splenomegaly, Ascites, Jaundice and other cases of abdominal region. HISTORY · Fever, loss of weight, fatigue, lassitude. · Gastrointestinal symptoms: dysphagia, nausea, vomiting, altered bowel move-ment, jaundice. · Renal symptoms: oliguria, history of renal failure. · History …

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Pneumothorax (Medicine practical examination)

History · Sudden onset or rapidly progressive dyspnoea. · Ipsilateral acute pleuritic pain – the pain is either sharp or a steady ache. · A small pneumothorax may be asymptomatic. · Obtain history of recent pleural aspiration or insertion of subclavian line, recent surgery to head and neck, abdominal procedures using bowel or peritoneal distension. …

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