Mrunali Gondane

View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) 8 CAUSES OF CHEST PAIN-Angina PectorisPericarditisAortic AneurysmMitral Valve ProlapseGastro-Esophageal Reflux DiseasePeptic UlcerAchalasia CardiaEsophageal Spasm

View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Oedema means an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces of the body.   PITTING EDEMA: Subcutaneous edema leads to Pitting edema i.e. it is recognized by digital pressure. eg-Congestion, Hypoalbuminemia   NON-PITTING EDEMA: seen in Filariasis (Elephantiasis) Myxoedema Scleredema, Scleroderma …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Intermittent claudication is a clinical symptom of pain in the lower limbs brought on by walking, and relieved by rest. Causes–Atherosclerosis-Cauda Equina, Arachnoiditis, Lumbar stenosis-Hyperviscosity of blood= Polycythemia, Leukemia, Increased plasma protein concentration. How to get Relief?Arterial cause- Standing still for a few minutesVenous …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Causes of Abdominal Pain EPIGASTRIC- Peptic Ulcer, Gastritis   UMBILICAL- Irritable Bowel Syndrome   RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT- Liver and Biliary tract pathologies   LEFT UPPER QUADRANT- Spleen and Pancreatic pathologies   RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT- Appendicitis, Inflammation of Caecum    LEFT LOWER QUADRANT- Colitis, Spastic …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) DEFINITION: Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of 3 or more loose or liquid stools per day (or more frequent passage than is normal for the individual). CAUSES OF DIARRHEA: -Food Poisoning -Infections= Bacterial (E.coli, Shigella), Viral (Adenovirus, Rotavirus), Parasitic (Giardia lamblia) -Lactose Intolerance …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Deficiency of Fiber Irritable Bowel Syndrome Hirschsprung Disease Hypothyroidism, Hypercalcemia Depression Chronic Laxative Abuse Aluminium salts Morphine, Codeine

View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) Hematuria is defined as the presence of blood in urine. Causes of Hematuria: KIDNEY- Polycystic kidney, Pyelonephritis, Glomerulonephritis, Kidney infarction, Tuberculosis URETER– Calculus, Tumor BLADDER– Bilharziasis, Cystitis (due to Cyclophosphamide) PROSTATE- BPH, Prostatitis URETHRA– Trauma, Foreign body OTHERS- Hemophilia, Leukemia, Anticoagulant drugs, Systemic Lupus …

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View this post on Instagram A post shared by imedscholar (@imedscholar_official) HEMATEMESIS means the vomiting of frank or altered coffee-ground blood from the upper GI-tract, from a lesion proximal to the duodeno-jejunal junction or the Ligament of Treitz. This lesion may manifest as Hematemesis or Malaena. MALAENA is the passage of altered blood in the …

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